Havola, Sara RN, MNSc; Haavisto, Elina RN, PhD, Prof; Mäkinen, Henna RN, MNSc; Engblom, Janne DSc, MSc; Koivisto, Jaana-Maija RN, PhD
Author Affiliations: Department of Nursing Science (Ms Havola, Dr Haavisto, Mrs Mäkinen, and Dr Koivisto) and Department of Mathematics and Statistics, School of Economics (Dr Engblom), University of Turku, Turku, Finland; Hospital District of Satakunta, Pori, Finland (Dr Haavisto); and Smart Services Research Unit, Häme University of Applied Sciences, Hämeenlinna, Finland (Dr Koivisto).
This work was supported by Häme Foundation for Professional Higher Education and Research.
The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.
Corresponding author: Sara Havola, RN, MNSc, Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Turku, Kiinamyllynkatu 10, 20520 Turku, Finland ([email protected]).